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Jurisprudence

Philippine Election: Qualifications of National and Local Candidates

Here are the Qualifications of National and Local Candidates in Philippine Elections

I. National level

A. For President and Vice-President 

  1. Natural-born citizen
  2. At least 40 years old on the day of the election
  3. Able to read and write
  4. Registered voter; and 
  5. Resident of the Philippines for at least 10 years
    immediately preceding the day of the election

B. For Senator 

  1. Natural-born citizen;
  2. At least 35 years old on the day of the election;
  3. Able to read and write;
  4. Registered voter; and
  5. Resident of the Philippines for not less than two years immediately preceding the day of the election 

II. Local Level

A. For District Representatives 

  1. Natural-born citizen;
  2. Registered voter in the district in which he shall be elected;
  3. Resident of the same district for a period not less than one year immediately preceding the day of the election;
  4. Able to read and write; and
  5. At least 25 years old on the day of the election

B. For Governor, Vice Governor, Mayor, Vice-Mayor, Punong Barangay and Sangguniang Members 

  1. Citizen of the Philippines; 
  2. Registered voter in the barangay, municipality,
    city, or province or, in the case of a member of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan, Sangguniang Panlungsod, or Sangguniang Bayan, the district where he intends to be elected; 
  3. Resident therein for at least one year immediately preceding the day of the election; 
  4. Able to read and write Filipino or any other local language or dialect

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